Risk Factors You Can Change
- Not physically active. Women who are not active physically have a higher risk of getting this cancer.
- Being overweight or obese after menopause. Women who are overweight or obese in older age have a higher risk of getting this cancer than those at a normal weight.
- Taking hormones. Some forms of hormone that include both estrogen and progesterone taken during the period of menopause can raise risk for cancer when taken for more than five years. Certain birth control pills also raise breast cancer risk.
- Reproductive history. The first pregnancy after the age of 30, not breastfeeding, can raise cancer risk.
- Drinking alcohol. woman risk for cancer increases with the more alcohol consumptions.
Breast Cancer Screening Tests
A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast. For many women, mammograms are the best way to find out breast cancer early. Regular mammogram lower the risk of death from cancer. At this time, a mammogram is the best way to find out breast cancer for most women.
Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) A breast MRI uses to take pictures of the breast. MRI is used to screen women who are at higher risk for developing breast cancer. Because breast MRI may appear abnormal even when there is no cancer, that is why it is not used for women at average risk.
Clinical Breast Exam
- A clinical breast exam is an examination that a doctor or nurse do who uses his or her hands to feel for lumps or other changes.
Benefits and Risks of ScreeningBenefit of Screening
- The benefit of screening is that we can find cancer early, when it’s easier to treat.
Risks of Screening
When a doctor sees something that looks like cancer but is not include false positive test results. This can lead to more tests, these tests can be more expensive, are invasive, time-consuming, and may cause anxiety for the patient. Some times Tests also can lead to over diagnosis.
Treatment of these type of cancers is overtreatment. Overtreatment can include treatments such as surgery or radiation therapy. These can cause unwanted sides effects.
The breast cancer treatment.
Breast cancer treatment depends on the kind of cancer and how far it has spread. People with this cancer have more than one kind of treatment.
- Surgery. An operation where doctors cut the cancer tissue.
- Chemotherapy. Using special medicines to kill the cancer cells. You can take drugs in your veins.
- Hormonal therapy.
- Biological therapy.
- Radiation therapy. Using high-energy X-rays to kill the cancer cells.