Breast cancer: Its Risk factors, Screening tests, Clinical exams

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Breast cancer

Risk Factors You Can Change

  • Not  physically active. Women who are not  active physically have a higher risk of getting this cancer.
  • Being overweight or obese after menopause.  Women who are overweight or obese in older age have a higher risk of getting this cancer than those at a normal weight.
  • Taking hormones. Some forms of hormone   that include both estrogen and progesterone taken during the period of menopause can raise risk for cancer when taken for more than five years. Certain birth control pills also  raise breast cancer risk.
  • Reproductive history.  The first pregnancy after the  age of 30, not breastfeeding,  can raise cancer risk.
  • Drinking alcohol. woman risk for cancer increases with the more  alcohol consumptions.

Breast Cancer Screening Tests

Mammogram
A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast. For many women, mammograms are the best way to find out breast cancer early. Regular  mammogram lower the risk of death from cancer. At this time, a mammogram is the best way to find out breast cancer for most women.

Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) A breast MRI uses to take pictures of the breast. MRI is used  to screen women who are at higher risk for developing  breast cancer. Because breast MRI may appear abnormal even when there is no cancer, that is why it is not used for women at average risk.
Other Exams

Clinical Breast Exam

  • A clinical breast exam is an examination that a doctor or nurse do who uses his or her hands to feel for lumps or other changes.

Benefits and Risks of ScreeningBenefit of Screening

  • The benefit of screening is that we can find cancer early, when it’s easier to treat.

Risks of Screening

When a doctor sees something that looks like cancer but is not include false positive test results. This can lead to more tests, these tests can be more  expensive,  are invasive, time-consuming, and may cause anxiety for the patient. Some times Tests also can lead to over diagnosis. 

Treatment of these type of  cancers is overtreatment. Overtreatment can include treatments such as surgery or radiation therapy. These can cause unwanted sides effects. 

The breast cancer treatment.
Breast cancer  treatment  depends on the kind of cancer and how far it has spread. People with this cancer have more than one kind of treatment.

  • Surgery. An operation where doctors cut the  cancer tissue.
  • Chemotherapy. Using special medicines to  kill the cancer cells. You can take drugs in your veins.  
  • Hormonal therapy.
  • Biological therapy.
  • Radiation therapy. Using high-energy X-rays to kill the cancer cells.
Sajid Saleem
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Sajid Saleem

We struggle over for students of general and medical education. Also, we play an essential role in the acquisitions of knowledge and in intellectual development. In general Education we provide the knowledge and the skills needed by everyone, regardless of their future field and occupation. In medical Education we provide knowledge and skills to the students of medical field. A Nutritionist from our team who is expert in food and nutrition can help patients to choose the right things to eat. He is also writing very helpful content for the students of nutrition and diet.