Bronchial Asthma: Its Diagnosis, Investigations and Prevention

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Bronchial Asthma Diagnosis

  • Physical exam

your doctor will perform Physical exam for Bronchial Asthma to rule out others Conditions, Such as a respiratory infection or COPD. you also may be given lung function tests to deter mine how much air moves in and out as you breathe.

These tests may incudes

  • Spirometry.

This test tells us about the narrowing of your bronchial tubes by checking how much air you can exhale after a deep breath and how fast you can breathe out.

  • Peak flow:

A Peak flew meter is a simple device that is used to measure how hard you Can breathe out. Lower than usual peak flow readings are a sign that your asthma getting worse and your longs may not work as well as normal lung Work.

Additional tests of Bronchial Asthma

  • Imaging tests

Such as chest X-Ray is used to check chest infection or structural abnormalities.

  • Allergy testing:

These tests can be Performed by blood test and tells us about any allergy, pollen or dust allergy.

  • Nitric Oxide test
  • Septum eosinophils

Treatments

  • you may need to use a quick relief inhaler.
  • Right medications depend on the following things, your age, symptoms and triggers’ factors.

Prevention

While there is no way to prevent asthma, you and your doctor can design a step-by-step plan for preventing asthma attacks.

Follow your asthma action plan.

 With the help of your doctor and health care team, write a detailed plan for taking medications and managing an asthma attack. Then be sure to follow your asthma prevention plan. Asthma may be an ongoing condition that needs regular monitoring and treatment.

Get vaccinated for influenza and pneumonia. 

Staying current with vaccinations can prevent flu and pneumonia from triggering asthma risk factors.

Identify and avoid asthma triggers. 

A number of outdoor allergens and irritants from pollen and mold to cold air and air pollution can trigger asthma attacks. Find out what factors causes or worsens your asthma, and take steps to avoid those triggers.

Monitor your breathing. 

You may learn to recognize about warning signs of an impending attack, such as slight coughing, wheezing or shortness of breath. But because your lung function may decrease before you notice any signs or symptoms, regularly measure and record your peak airflow with a peak flow meter in home. A peak flow meter tells us how hard you can breathe out. Your doctor tells to you how to monitor your peak flow at home.

Identify and treat attacks early.

 If you act quickly to treat asthma, you are less likely to have a severe attack. You also not need as much medication to control your symptoms. When your peak flow measurements decrease and alert you about an oncoming attack, take your medication as instructed. Also, immediately stop any activity that may have triggered the attack of asthma. If your symptoms do not improve, get medical help as directed in your action plan.

Take your medication as prescribed.

 Do not change your medications without first talking to your doctor, even if your asthma seems to be improving.

Pay attention to increasing quick-relief inhaler use.

If you find yourself relying on your quick-relief inhaler, such as albuterol, your asthma is not under control. See your doctor about adjusting your treatment.

Sajid Saleem
WRITEN BY

Sajid Saleem

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