How to Perform CPR: Hands-Only and Mouth-to-Mouth

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CPR is a life-saving first aid procedure.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique. The aim of CPR is keep blood and oxygen flowing through the body when a person’s heart and breathing have stopped.

CPR can be performed by any trained person. It involves external chest compressions and rescue breathing. CPR performed within the first five minutes of the heart stopping can keep someone alive until medical help arrives.

What Are the Three Parts of CPR?

The three basic parts of CPR are easily remembered as “ABC”: A for airway, B for breathing, C for compressions.

C is for compressions. Chest compressions can help the flow of blood to the guts , brain, and other organs. We start CPR with 30 chest compressions, followed by two rescue breaths. Rescuers doing compressions within the center of the chest “push hard ,And fast.

A is for airway. After 30 compressions, check the person’s airway to form sure it’s open for breathing. The airway could also be blocked by the tongue when someone loses consciousness or by food or another foreign object.

B is for breathing. Breathing starts after the 30 compressions, when the airway is open. In rescue breathing we breathe for the victim by forcing air into the lungs. This includes breathing into the victim’s mouth at the proper times and checking for signs of life.

Performing hands-only


we can perform hands-only CPR by following the steps below.

1. Survey the scene
Make sure it is safe for you to reach the person in need of help.

2. Check the person for responsiveness

Shake shoulder and ask loudly, “Are you OK?” For an infant, we tap bottom of the foot and check for a reaction.

3. Check the heart rhythm with the help of an automated external defibrillator (AED)

If an AED isn’t available, don’t waste time looking for the device. Start chest compressions immediately.

Locate hand position

If the person is an adult, place the heel of one hands in the center of their chest. place your other hand on top of the first hand. Interlock your fingers and the heel of your hand remains on their chest.

For children from age 1 to 9, use one of your hands in the center of their chest.

For infants, use two fingers in the center of their chest, slightly below the nipple line.

  1. Begin compressions
    Perform at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute. Allow their chest to recoil between compressions.

For children from ages 1 to 9, at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute. Allow their chest to recoil between compressions.

6-Continue compressions
Repeat the compression cycle again and again until the person starts to breathe or medical help arrives. If the person begins to breathe, lie them on their side quietly until medical assistance is on the scene.

Person needs CPR if they stop breathing in any of the following circumstances:

  1. A cardiac arrest or heart attack
  2. Choking
  3. A road traffic accident
  4. Near-drowning
  5. Suffocation
  6. Poisoning
  7. A drug or alcohol overdose
  8. Smoke inhalation
  9. Electrocution
  10. Suspected sudden infant death syndrome



Sajid Saleem
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Sajid Saleem

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