What is Constipation? Its causes, Symptoms and Risk Factors

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Definition

The constipation Defines as an infrequent passage of hard stools.

Complications of constipation

such as

  • Hemorrhoids
  • Anal fissure
  • Rectal prolapse
  • Fecal impaction
  • Colonic volvulus
  • Colonic perforations
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Urinary retention

Can constipation cause internal damage or lead to other health problems?

There are a few complications that could happen if you don’t have soft, regular bowel movements. Some complications include:

  • Swollen, inflamed veins in your rectum (a condition called hemorrhoids).
  • Tears in the lining of your anus from hardened stool also trying to pass through (called anal fissures).
  • An infection in pouches that sometimes form off the colon wall from stool that also has become trapped and infected.
  • A pile-up of too much stool/poop in the rectum and also anus (a condition called fecal impaction).
  • Damage to your pelvic floor muscles from straining to move your bowels. These muscles also help control your bladder. Too much straining for too long a period of time may also cause urine to leak from the bladder (a condition called stress urinary incontinence).
Does not having regular bowel movements cause toxins to build up in my body and make me sick?

Don’t worry, this usually isn’t the case. Although your colon holds on to stool longer when you are constipated and you may feel uncomfortable, the colon is an expandable container for your waste. There is also possibly a slight risk of a bacterial infection if waste gets into an existing wound in the colon or rectum.

CAUSES OF CONSTIPATION

GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS

Dietary

such as

  • Lack of fiber and liquid
Structural

such as

  • Colonic carcinoma
  • Benign strictures

Motility

such as

  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Drugs
  • Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction
  • Hirschsprung’s disease
Defecation

such as

  • Anorectal disease
  • Hemorrhoids

NON-GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS

Drugs

such as

  • Opiates
  • Anticholinergics
  • Calcium antagonists
  • Iron supplements

Metabolic/endocrine

such as

  • Diabetes
  • Hypercalcemia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Pregnancy

Neurological

such as

  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Stroke
  • Parkinsonism

Risk factors

Factors that may increase your risk of chronic constipation include:

such as

  • Being an older adult
  • Also Being dehydrated
  • Eating a diet that’s low in fiber
  • Getting little or no physical activity
  • Taking certain medications, Such as sedatives, opioid pain medications, some antidepressants or medications to lower blood pressure
  • Having a mental health condition such as depression or an eating disorder

What are the symptoms of constipation?

Symptoms of constipation include:

such as

  • You have fewer than three bowel movements a week.
  • Your stools are dry, hard and also lumpy.
  • Your stools are also difficult or painful to pass.
  • stomach ache or cramps.
  • You feel bloated and also nauseous.
  • You also feel that you haven’t completely emptied your bowels after a movement.

Management

  • High fiber diet
  • Fiber supplements such as Ispaghula husk
  • Barn powder
  • Laxatives and also enemas.
Sajid Saleem
WRITEN BY

Sajid Saleem

We struggle over for students of general and medical education. Also, we play an essential role in the acquisitions of knowledge and in intellectual development. In general Education we provide the knowledge and the skills needed by everyone, regardless of their future field and occupation. In medical Education we provide knowledge and skills to the students of medical field. A Nutritionist from our team who is expert in food and nutrition can help patients to choose the right things to eat. He is also writing very helpful content for the students of nutrition and diet.